Judaism probably begins in the book of Exodus 19:3. Although the fore-running to the Jewish Dispensation has its beginning in Genesis 12 when the Lord gives Abram instructional commands, Genesis 12:1-4 (KJV). Note Abram called a Hebrew in Genesis 14:13 (KJV) “Abram the Hebrew”.
Let us start with Moses leading the Israelites across the Red Sea on dry land after Pharaoh allows them to leave Egypt, where they had been in captivity for 400 years. Moses raises his hand and the waters part allowing the children of Israel to walk on dry land through the parted waters, Exodus 14:21.
In hot pursuit Pharaoh’s army tries to cache them after the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart. They see the parted waters and follow through. Once the army is entirely on the sea bed Moses raises his hand and the waters close over them and they perish, Exodus 14:23-27.
After rejoicing the Israelites journey through the wilderness for three months and arrive at the base of mount Sinai and camp. Note, But Moses said, “The people, among whom I am, are 600,000 on foot;” Numbers 11:21.
Moses goes up on mount Sinai and speaks to the Lord, Exodus 19:3-8.
- 3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;
- 4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles’ wings, and brought you unto myself.
- 5 Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine:
- 6 And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.
- 7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the Lord commanded him.
- 8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that the Lord hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.
In Exodus 20:, 23:19 the Lord gives extensive commandments and ordinances to the children of Israel. On Mount Sinai the LORD speaks to Moses, saying Tell the sons of Israel to raise a contribution for him and explains what he wants the Tabernacle to be made of.
This is the contribution which they are to raise, Exodus 25:3-9.
- 3 gold, silver and bronze,
- 4 blue, purple and scarlet material,fine linen, goat hair,
- 5 rams’ skins dyed red, porpoise skins, acacia wood,
- 6 oil for lighting, spices for the anointing oil and for the fragrant incense,
- 7 onyx stones and setting stones, for the ephod and for the breastpiece.
- 8 “And let them construct a sanctuary for Me, that I may dwell among them”.
- 9 “According to all that I am going to show you, as the pattern of the tabernacle and the pattern of all its furniture, just so you shall construct it”.
In Exodus 25:10-21 some is given how the Ark of the Covenant should be constructed. The Ark of the Covenant is a beautiful and elaborate coffer that was to be carried about. There was to be an altar used for offerings, and behind a veil was to contained the Ark of the Covenant or (testimony) and the proposed veil divided the congregation between the holy place and the most holy.
In Exodus 25:16, Inside the Ark was to be placed the testimony which the Lord had given Moses the two tablets of stone. And we see in Exodus 26:34 the ark of the testimony is to be placed in the tabernacle in the most holy place.
In Exodus 31:1-11. Those people who were to do the construction were given the talent of craftsmanship in order that the tabernacle might be built with the Exquisite material it was to be made from.
In Exodus 32:15-20 Moses comes down from mount Sinai with two tables of stone. Note, this is the first time with the two tables of stone. The two tables of stone which had been written on both their sides by God.
There he saw a golden calf that had been built and worshiped by the Israelites. He casts the tables of stone and they broke beneath the mount. The takes the calf which they had made and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strewed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.
Because they had turned aside out of the way which the Lord had commanded them and corrupted themselves Moses said unto them, Thus saith the Lord God of Israel, Put every man his sword and The children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there slayed that day about three thousand men, Exodus 32:26-28.